鲍德里亚的“消费异化”思想研究

Baudrillard's thought of "consumption alienation"

摘要:(摘要内容经过系统自动伪原创处理以避免复制,下载原文正常,内容请直接查看目录。)

让·鲍德里亚(1929-2007)法国有名的哲学家、古代社会思惟年夜师、后古代实际家,生于法国西南部兰斯,他的生长阅历与年夜多半法国常识份子比拟具有必定的特别性。他并没有在常识情况里长年夜,在高中阶段与怙恃的破裂影响了他尔后的全部生涯。第二次世界年夜战特别是二十世纪五十年月今后,随同着新科技反动的到来,东方本钱主义社会产生了严重的变迁,迷信技巧日新月异,物资财富剧增,花费品的丰硕、花费方法的多样化四周充满的年夜众传媒,都在展现着以花费为主导的社会的光降。这些在经济构造、生涯方法、文明形状等方面的显著变更促使着实际家们去研讨花费、传媒、时髦等社会景象,法国实际界群星残暴,诸如萨特、罗兰·巴特、米歇尔·福柯、拉康等等,固然还有这位极端主要的思惟家—让·鲍德里亚。鲍德里亚花费实际具有分歧于他人的特色:即与符号的联合。他的实际提醒了符号花费的思惟,从符号的角度来说明花费社会中各种花费同化的景象,供给了现在花费文明研讨的新的实际视野和商量角度。本文的详细内容布展以下:第一部门,鲍德里亚“花费同化”思惟的实际本源及当时代配景。重要阐述鲍德里亚其人及年夜致思惟过程,和鲍德里亚花费同化思惟的实际起源:马克思的同化休息实际和“商品拜物教”、列斐伏尔的平常生涯批评和花费思惟、法兰克福学派的“虚伪须要”实际、索绪尔的符号学和罗兰·巴特的文明符号学。第二部门,鲍德里亚“花费同化”思惟的重要内容,重点评论辩论在物的花费系统下花费认识的变更和花费主义的风行,花费目标是消费多余产物、增进本钱主义成长,人与人、人与社会产生物化;在符号的花费系统下,花费需求从对物的需求改变为对符号的寻求,物品系统被符号化了,花费的主体人也在花费进程中被同化了;在符号政治经济学操控下,鲍德里亚提出了“符号价值”和符号政治经济学的建构。第三部门,对鲍德里亚“花费同化”思惟的评价,重要评论辩论鲍德里亚与东方马克思主义花费批评实际的关系,和鲍德里亚“花费同化”思惟的公道性与局限性。第四部门,经由过程联合鲍德里亚的“花费同化”思惟来反思我国的花费近况,比拟东方花费与我国花费景象的异同,构建中国特点的花费文明系统。

Abstract:

Let, Baudrillard (1929-2007) was a French famous philosophers, ancient society thought the eve of the division, ancient actual home, was born in southwestern France lance, his growing experience and most of the French intellectual compared with certain special. He is not in the common sense of the long big, all his career and the influence of breaking in the senior high schools and parents. The second world wars, especially in 1950s, along with the arrival of the new revolution in science and technology, Eastern capitalist society produced serious changes, science and technology is changing with each passing day, the material wealth increase, consumer goods is rich, spend the diversification of four week full of masses media, exhibits at cost to society's leading the photodegradation. These in terms of economic structure, way of life, civilized shape of a significant change in the prompted theorists to study costs, media, fashion and other social scene, France, the actual world stars and brutal, as Sartre, Roland Barthes, Michel Foucault, Lacan and so on, of course, also have the extremely important thinkers - let, Baudrillard. Baudrillard has spent the actual differences in other characteristics: joint and symbol. His actual symbol reminds to spend thinking, from the perspective of symbols to illustrate the various costs of social spending assimilation scene, provides a new civilization now spend research perspective and discuss the actual point of view. Details of the paper exhibit the following: in the first part, Baudrillard "cost assimilation" thinking of the actual origin and when the times background. Important on Baudrillard's personality and the eve of the thought processes, Baudrillard and spend the actual origin assimilation of ideas: Marx's assimilation rest actual and "commodity fetishism", Lefebvre's daily life criticism and spend thinking, Frankfurt School's "false need to" practical, Saussure's Semiotics and Roland Barthes semiotic civilization. Second department, Baudrillard "spend assimilation" thinking of the important content, the review focuses on the debate in the matter of the cost of the system cost awareness of change and take doctrine of popular, cost objective is consumer surplus products, promote the growth of capitalism, people, people and society produce biological; under the symbol of the cost of the system, consumption demands are from the demand of change to the symbol for that item system is symbolic of the, spend the subject also in cost in the process of assimilation; under the control of the political economy of the sign, Baudrillard put forward "symbol value" and the political economy of the sign of the construction. The third sector, of Jean Baudrillard's "cost evaluation of assimilation" thought, the important comment debate Baudrillard and Oriental Marxism cost relation to practical criticism, and Baudrillard spends "assimilation" thinking and the limitations of the fair. The fourth sector, through the process of Baudrillard's "take joint assimilation" thought to reflect China's spending situation, compared with China's East cost differences scene cost, cost system construction characteristics of the China civilization.

目录:

摘要2-3
Abstract3-4
绪论7-14
    一、选题背景与意义7-9
        1、问题的提出7-8
        2、研究的意义8-9
    二、文献综述9-13
        1、关于鲍德里亚思想的国内外研究状况9-11
        2、关于消费异化思想的国内外研究状况11-13
    三、研究方法和文本可能的创新13-14
        1、研究方法13
        2、可能的创新13-14
第一章 鲍德里亚“消费异化”思想的理论根源及其时代背景14-19
    一、鲍德里亚其人及思想历程14-15
    二、鲍德里亚消费异化思想的理论来源15-18
        1、马克思的异化劳动理论和“商品拜物教”15-16
        2、列斐伏尔的日常生活批判和消费思想16-17
        3、法兰克福学派的“虚假需要”理论17-18
        4、索绪尔的符号学和罗兰·巴特的文化符号学18
    三、鲍德里亚消费异化思想的时代背景18-19
第二章 鲍德里亚“消费异化”思想的主要内容19-30
    一、物的消费体系19-23
        1、消费意识变化和消费主义盛行19-20
        2、消费目的:消耗过剩产品,促进资本主义发展20-22
        3、人与人、人与社会的物化22-23
    二、符号的消费体系23-28
        1、消费需求的变化:从对物的需求到对符号的需求23-25
        2、符号化的“物品体系”25-27
        3、消费主体人的异化27-28
    三、符号政治经济学操控下的消费异化28-30
        1、“符号价值”的提出和符号政治经济学的建构28-29
        2、符号政治经济学操控下的消费异化29-30
第三章 对鲍德里亚“消费异化”思想的评价30-35
    一、鲍德里亚与西方马克思主义消费批判理论的关系30
    二、鲍德里亚消费异化思想的合理性30-32
        1、从对物的批判转向对符号的批判,发展了西方异化理论30-31
        2、对马克思劳动异化理论的继承与深化31-32
    三、鲍德里亚消费异化思想的局限性32-35
        1、过分夸大了符号在消费中的作用,遮蔽了消费者的主体性32-33
        2、技术悲观主义倾向33-34
        3、陷入“符号决定论”的困境34-35
第四章 鲍德里亚的“消费异化”思想对我国的启示35-40
    1、对发展我国市场经济的启示35-37
    2、对消费者的启示37-40
结语40-41
参考文献41-44
致谢44-45