论可持续性消费

On sustainable consumption

摘要:(摘要内容经过系统自动伪原创处理以避免复制,下载原文正常,内容请直接查看目录。)

花费作为知足人类生计与成长之必须,同时也带来伟大资本的消费,过度的、无控制的、夸耀性的花费是一种糟蹋,或许说是同化的花费,对地球资本带来了极年夜的压力,是以而带来的资本干涸、生态掉衡、情况净化、人际关系与人自关系重要、社会阶级分化等等诸多严格的花费效果,势必带来子女乃至现代人正常花费的弗成连续。是以,中国的花费从一开端就要调和处理好花费与经济社会成长的关系,战胜花费给经济带来的阻抑和乱象丛生的花费近况。临盆与花费是人类生计的两年夜重要运动,临盆的性质程度与范围决议花费的性质程度与范围,临盆是为了知足花费需求,那末花费也增进临盆,制约临盆的程度与范围。可连续性花费是指“供给知足根本须要和进步生涯质量的办事和有关产物,同时最年夜限制削减资本和有毒物资的应用和在这些办事或产物的寿命周期内废料和净化物的排放,从而不危机将来各代的须要”,它是人们在成长的进程中,针对成长行动的弗成连续性而做出的转变,行将花费与可连续性无机联合起来,完成花费的可连续性。详细来讲,就是摒弃夸耀花费、奢靡花费、超前花费、过度花费等弗成连续的花费理念和行动,践行绿色花费、低碳花费、协调花费、生态文明夸耀花费等表现可连续性的理念和行动。以中国为例,一方面必需转变传统的成长形式,竭尽全力地增进经济构造的调剂和转型,另外一方面则在赓续扩展内需、安慰花费的同时,重视花费掉去可连续性的严格实际,增进花费构造趋于公道化,建立可连续花费理念,构建中国特点的可连续性花费。所谓中国特点的可连续性花费,就是要从中国的详细国情动身,依据中国经济社会成长的近况来停止可连续性花费的实际规约和理论规约。从实际层面来对看,须要对可连续性花费的内在停止界定,树立可连续性花费的准绳和评价机制,构建可连续性花费的基本,探访可连续性花费的途径。从理论层面来看,则须要建立可连续性花费的不雅念,养成可连续性花费的习气,践行可连续性花费的生涯方法,树立可连续性花费的轨制保证。

Abstract:

Spend as satisfying human livelihoods and growth must also bring great capital consumption, excessive and uncontrolled, boasting of the cost is a waste, perhaps say costs of assimilation, bring huge pressure on the earth's capital, with the capital dry dry, ecological off balance, purification, interpersonal relationship and the relationship between man and nature an important, social class differentiation and so on many strict cost effect, is bound to bring children and even modern normal cost of Eph into continuous. So China cost from the start to tempering spend and social and economic growth relationship, over spending to economic depression and chaos cost status. Birth and spending is human livelihoods of the eve of the two important movement, parturient nature of the degree and range resolutions to spend the extent of the nature and scope, giving birth is to satisfy consumer demand, the cost also promotes the birth, degree and range of birth control. Can spend continuity is refers to the "supply to meet basic needs and improve living quality of service and product, also the biggest limit application of reduction of capital and toxic material and waste in these services or product life cycle and emissions of pollutants, so as not to crises in the future the need", it is people in the process of growing up, for growth action of the Eph into continuity and to make changes, the bank will spend and can be continuous inorganic together, achieve the continuity cost can be. Specifically, is to abandon the boast spend, extravagant spending, advance consumption, excessive spending, Eph into continuous cost concept and action, take practice green, low carbon cost, coordination cost, ecological civilization boasting cost performance can be continuity of ideas and actions. In China, for example, on the one hand, we must change the traditional form of growth, make every effort to promote the adjustment and transformation of economic structure, on the other hand is in ceaseless to expand domestic demand and comfort at the same time spent, pay attention to spend to continuous strictly practical, improve cost structure tends to be reasonable, to establish a continuous cost concept, to construct Chinese characteristics of continuous cost. The so-called Chinese characteristics of continuous cost, is from the China with national conditions, on the basis of Chinese economic and social growth situation to stop the continuity of the actual cost of protocol and protocol theory. From a practical level to the needs of spendable continuous internal definition, establish can spend continuity principle and evaluation mechanism to construct spendable continuity, visit can spend a continuous way. From the view of theory, is to build up the concept of continuous cost, develop continuous spending habits, can practice the career methods for continuous spending, a system to ensure the continuity of the cost.

目录:

摘要4-5
Abstract5-6
第1章 导论9-21
    1.1 选题背景及意义9-12
        1.1.1 选题背景9-11
        1.1.2 研究意义11-12
    1.2 国内外研究现状12-18
    1.3 研究的逻辑进路与研究内容18-19
        1.3.1 研究的逻辑进路18
        1.3.2 主要研究内容18-19
    1.4 研究方法与创新点19-21
        1.4.1 研究方法19
        1.4.2 论文创新点19-21
第2章 消费在生产过程中的地位与作用21-26
    2.1 生产与消费21-22
    2.2 生产与消费的关系及其消费在生产过程中的地位与作用22-26
第3章 消费在可持续发展过程中的作用26-30
    3.1 发展与可持续发展26-28
    3.2 消费在可持续发展过程中的作用28-30
第4章 消费与可持续性的相容与相悖30-40
    4.1 消费与可持续性的相容30-35
        4.1.1 绿色消费与可持续性30-32
        4.1.2 低碳消费与可持续性32-33
        4.1.3 生态消费与可持续性33-34
        4.1.4 和谐消费与可持续性34-35
    4.2 消费与可持续性的相悖35-40
        4.2.1 炫耀消费与可持续性36-37
        4.2.2 奢侈消费与可持续性37-38
        4.2.3 超前消费与可持续性38
        4.2.4 过度消费与可持续性38-40
第5章 构建中国特色的可持续性消费40-47
    5.1 可持续性消费的理论建构40-45
        5.1.1 可持续性消费的内涵40-42
        5.1.2 可持续性消费的原则42-43
        5.1.3 可持续性消费的评价43-44
        5.1.4 可持续性消费的基础44-45
    5.2 可持续性消费从理论走向实践45-47
        5.2.1 树立可持续性消费的观念45-46
        5.2.2 养成可持续性消费的习惯46
        5.2.3 践行可持续性消费的生活方式46-47
结语47-48
参考文献48-50
致谢50-51
附录 A:攻读硕士学位期间主要的研究成果51