唯物史观视域中的三十年来中国农村改革

China's rural reform in the thirty years from the perspective of historical materialism

摘要:(摘要内容经过系统自动伪原创处理以避免复制,下载原文正常,内容请直接查看目录。)

在全球化的明天,中国乡村社会在激烈地更改着。转眼间中国乡村改造已悄然走过了三十余年的岁月。三十多年来的乡村改造,在乡村古代化的途径上,我们获得了丰富的结果,也碰到了诸多的曲折。反思这段过程,可为我们周全深化改造,进一步推动乡村古代化及中国全体的古代化供给名贵的经历与启发。本文立意于从汗青成长的角度,唯物史不雅的视阈理一理乡村改造的缘由,乡村改造胜利的缘由和乡村改造以来乡村社会成长的经历与启发等,旨在理清思绪,从新上路。起首,对三十年来乡村改造的总结回想,等于对乡村改造的配景、乡村改造的阶段和乡村改造的造诣停止分析。经由过程对乡村家庭联产承包义务制、农产物流畅体系体例及增进乡镇企业成长、乡村市场经济体系体例确立、兼顾城乡的新乡村扶植等为焦点之改造的梳理,挖掘出其时乡村筹划体系体例式的临盆关系是障碍乡村临盆力成长的基本缘由。四阶段的乡村改造使得乡村终究确立了市场经济体系体例,并摸索出了一条中国特点的乡村古代化途径,同时发掘出了乡村改造获得胜利的缘由。其次,对乡村改造胜利缘由的剖析重要容身于唯物史不雅的视角,从四个方面来透视乡村改造胜利的必定性身分。经由过程剖析得知,三十年来的乡村改造恰是在整体上相符了临盆关系必定要顺应临盆力成长状态的必定进程,国民大众发明汗青的必定进程,人自在周全成长的必定进程和顺应世界汗青成长的必定进程才终究使得改造获得了光辉的造诣。最初,重要从乡村社会成长所面对的成绩、乡村社会成长所面对的风险和乡村社会成长的能够趋向等三个方面来停止论述。针对当下乡村社会成长中面对的重要成绩与风险,联合以往改造的经历启发与十八届三中全会的决定内容,扼要地谈谈本身对当下乡村改造和乡村社会成长偏向的意见。

Abstract:

In globalization today, Chinese rural society changing in the fierce. In the blink of an eye Chinese rural reconstruction has quietly gone through more than thirty years of age. The rural reconstruction for over thirty years, in the way of rural modernization, we obtain abundant results, also encountered many twists and turns. This process of reflection, we can further promote the comprehensive deepening reform, experience and Inspiration of the ancient village and the ancient China supply of luxury. In this paper, the conception to grow from a historical point of view, from the perspective of materialist conception of history science and the cause of the rural reform, rural reform victory of reason and rural reform since the rural social development experience and inspiration to clear your mind, from the new road. First of all, for thirty years of rural reconstruction summary recall, is equal to the background of rural reconstruction of rural reconstruction and rural reconstruction stage knowledge analysis. Process of rural household contract responsibility system, agricultural products Cheong logistics systems and enhance growth of township enterprises, rural market economic system established, both urban and rural areas of Xinxiang village construction as the focus of the transformation of the comb, dig out the meantime rural planning system style style parturient relationship is the basic reason of hindering the rural productivity growth via. The four stage of the rural reform makes rural eventually established the market economy system, and worked out a way of rural modernization China characteristics, and discover the reasons of rural reconstruction of victory. Secondly, on rural reform victory reason analysis of important shelter from the perspective of materialist conception of history, from four aspects: the perspective of rural reform victory inevitability of identity. Through analysis that, 30 years of rural reform is exactly the inevitable process in compliance with the birth must conform to productivity growth state, people invented the history inevitable process, free comprehensive development inevitable process and conform to the inevitable course of history of the world growth was eventually making the transformation obtained brilliant achievements. Initially, the risk from rural society and rural society an important growth in achievement, rural social growth facing growth to three aspects to stop this trend. In view of the current rural social development in the face of an important achievement and risk, combined with previous transformation experience inspired and eighth session of the Third Plenary Session of the contents of the decision, briefly talk about itself of current countryside and the transformation of the rural society growth biased opinion.

目录:

摘要3-4
Abstract4
引言8-10
第1章 三十年来农村改革的历史回顾10-25
    1.1 农村改革背景10-12
        1.1.1 农村改革的历史背景10-12
        1.1.2 农村改革的动因12
    1.2 农村改革的阶段12-21
        1.2.1 农村改革阶段划分的标准13-16
        1.2.2 农村改革的四阶段16-21
    1.3 农村改革的成效21-25
        1.3.1 “农业生产持续增长”22
        1.3.2 “农村经济协调发展”22-23
        1.3.3 “农民生活水平显著提高”23
        1.3.4 “农村基础设施明显改善”23
        1.3.5 “农村社会事业全面进步”23-24
        1.3.6 基层民主建设成果显著24-25
第2章 农村改革成功原因的唯物史观分析25-37
    2.1 符合了生产关系一定要适应生产力发展状况的必然过程25-27
        2.1.1 解放农村生产力的过程25-26
        2.1.2 革新农村生产关系的过程26
        2.1.3 案例:乡镇企业异军突起26-27
    2.2 符合了人民群众创造历史的必然过程27-31
        2.2.1 群众实践首创精神的发挥28
        2.2.2 群众实践能力的提高28-29
        2.2.3 群众实践“空间”的拓展29-30
        2.2.4 群众权利意识的增强30-31
    2.3 符合了人自由全面发展的必然过程31-33
        2.3.1 从土地的束缚中逐渐解放出来31-32
        2.3.2 户籍限制的逐渐放开32
        2.3.3 从熟人社会向陌生人社会的过渡32-33
    2.4 符合了适应世界历史发展的必然过程33-37
        2.4.1 参与国际分工33-34
        2.4.2 参加国际劳动34
        2.4.3 步入现代生活,成为世界公民34-37
第3章 当下农村发展面临的问题、风险及其可能趋势37-56
    3.1 农村社会发展的问题37-42
        3.1.1 户籍制度改革滞后问题37-38
        3.1.2 基础设施和公共服务落后问题38-39
        3.1.3 过度依赖行政方式的城镇化问题39-40
        3.1.4 拆迁与农民土地产权保护问题40-41
        3.1.5 空巢老人、留守儿童问题41
        3.1.6 上访维权与社会公平正义实现问题41-42
    3.2 农村社会发展的风险42-47
        3.2.1 “新土地兼并”的风险43-44
        3.2.2 “生态环境危机”的风险44
        3.2.3 “新城乡二元”的风险44-45
        3.2.4 “新殖民”的风险45-47
    3.3 农村社会发展的可能趋势47-56
        3.3.1 从落后的农业向现代工业过渡47-49
        3.3.2 从闭塞的农村向现代城市过渡49-50
        3.3.3 从传统农民向现代市民过渡50-52
        3.3.4 从行政方式的城镇化向市场方式过渡52-56
结论56-58
参考文献58-60
致谢60-61
个人简历、在学期间发表的学术论文及研究成果61