德国地质学家李希霍芬在华勘矿活动及其影响

German geologist Richthofen activity and its influence in China

摘要:(摘要内容经过系统自动伪原创处理以避免复制,下载原文正常,内容请直接查看目录。)

德国地质学家李希霍芬于1868-1872年在中国停止了长达4年的地质、地舆考核。他在考核时代和归国后写作了《李希霍芬中国观光申报书》、五卷本巨著《中国——亲自观光和据此所作的研讨结果》(简称《中国》)和多篇关于山东的论文等。李希霍芬在中国考核时代,对所到省分的煤田、铁矿等停止了具体的勘查,并作了充足的阐述。以李希霍芬对中国各地矿业的勘查为切入点,经由过程对文献材料的梳理,可以总结归结出他在考核进程中对东方迷信思想和技巧手腕的应用,进而对其在华勘矿运动所发生的影响停止了剖析。在煤地步质勘察方面,他的考核具有先导性的感化。在对中国近代采煤业的成长影响方面,他在考核进程中迷信思惟和技巧办法的应用关于中国近代煤业的成长有必定的催化感化。别的,他对中国煤炭资本的记叙惹起了本国本钱主义对中国矿业的开辟和抢夺。应当指出,李希霍芬在华勘矿运动中的迷信思想和对技巧手腕的应用对我国当今煤炭工业的成长有着必定的启发感化。当今煤炭动力的开采要重视可连续成长,不克不及杀鸡取卵。在煤炭开采中要看重新技巧、新办法的应用,重视自立科研立异,重视专利技巧的请求,掩护自立常识产权。煤炭工业要重视周全调和成长,处理好成长中的相干成绩,例如运输、市场等。重视以工资本,存眷矿业技巧人才和矿工生涯。

Abstract:

German geologist Richthofen in the 1868-1872 in China for 4 years of geological and geographical assessment. He in the examination time and returned after writing the "Richthofen China Tourism declaration", five volume magnum opus "China -- personally sightseeing and according to the research results of" (hereinafter referred to as "China") and many articles about Shandong the. Richthofen in the assessment of the times, to the province of coal, iron ore and other specific exploration, and made a full exposition. Richthofen to the exploration of the mining industry in China as the breakthrough point, through the process of literature and materials, can sum up the application of the scientific ideas and skills in the process of the assessment of the East, and then to its impact on the movement of the Chinese geological prospecting. In the point of coal quality investigation, his assessment has a pilot role. In the development of China's modern mining industry, he has a certain effect on the development of modern coal industry in China. The other, he China coal capital caused the national capitalism of narrative Chinese mining development and snatch. It should be pointed out that Richthofen's scientific thought and the application of the techniques to the development of China's coal industry in China have a certain inspiration to the development of China's coal industry. The coal mining power should pay attention to continuous growth, cannot kill the goose. In the coal mining to see new skills, new ways of application, pay attention to the independent scientific research innovation, pay attention to the request of the patent technology, independent intellectual property rights protection. The coal industry should pay attention to the comprehensive and harmonious development, and deal with the growth of the relevant results, such as transportation, market, etc.. Pay attention to the working capital, pay close attention to the mining technology and the coal miners.

目录:

致谢4-5
摘要5-6
Abstract6
目录7-9
1 绪论9-18
    1.1 选题背景和意义9-10
    1.2 国内外研究动态和文献评析10-15
    1.3 研究路径与方法15-16
    1.4 研究新意与难点16-18
2 李希霍芬其人及其 7 次在华考察18-24
    2.1 李希霍芬生平18-19
    2.2 李希霍芬来华考察背景19-20
    2.3 李希霍芬在华考察路线20-24
3 李希霍芬对中国各地矿业的勘查24-38
    3.1 对煤田、铁矿及其他相关工业的勘查24-32
    3.2 李希霍芬勘查过程中对技术手段的运用和重视32-35
    3.3 李希霍芬勘查过程中的思维特点35-38
4 李希霍芬在华勘矿活动的影响38-48
    4.1 先导作用—对煤田地质勘查方面的影响38-41
    4.2 催化作用—对中国近代采煤业的影响41-43
    4.3 引导作用—对资本主义国家侵占中国矿权的影响43-48
5 李希霍芬在华勘矿活动对现今煤炭工业发展的启示48-52
    5.1 注重可持续发展,科学开采,大力研究和应用新技术、新方法48-49
    5.2 注重全面协调发展,大力发展煤炭铁路运输49-50
    5.3 注重以人为本,关注矿业技术人才和矿工生活50-52
6 结论52-54
参考文献54-57
参考书目57-59
作者简历59-61
学位论文数据集61