社会转型期我国司法与道德的冲突及协调

Conflict and coordination of justice and morality in the social transition period in China

摘要:(摘要内容经过系统自动伪原创处理以避免复制,下载原文正常,内容请直接查看目录。)

转型中国社会中分歧类型热门案件所激发的品德与司法之间的角力可谓蔚为壮不雅。改造开放后,我国迈入了社会转型期,好处多元与抵触多发并存,这一时代可以用“转型”和“抵触”二词来加以归纳综合。毫无疑问,随同着好处格式的调剂,好处分化,好处抵触赓续加重,社会诸多不雅念在传统不雅念与古代不雅念的抵触日趋凸起。固然,社会的成长必定发生社会的赓续变更,增进我国社会经济的伟大起飞,但同时激发出必定水平上的庞杂性,司法与品德之间的抵触赓续发生。司法与品德作为两种分歧的社会调理手腕,属于分歧的标准体系,在现实情形中存在着司法与品德的差别、错位甚至抵触。司法与品德的抵触包含合品德不正当和正当不合品德两品种型。二者抵触的本质是传统品德不雅念与古代司法规矩的抵触与不合,是小我权力与社会好处的对峙与抵触。本文经由过程对我国司法和品德抵触的近况、实质及利害的剖析,联合我国社会实际和根本国情,提出调和我国司法和品德抵触的建议。本文的内容包含绪论、注释和结论在内,共分为六章。第一章为“绪论”。起首,引见了本文研讨的配景和意义;其次,扼要梳理并评析国际外研讨近况;再次,引见了重要研讨办法;最初,指出本文的立异与缺乏的地方。第二章为“司法与品德的内在及其抵触界定”。本章分为三部门,分离界定了司法的概念及深层实质、品德的概念、重要内容及其汗青变迁,和司法与品德抵触的界定。第三章为“当下我国司法与品德抵触之近况剖析”。起首,剖析了当下我国司法与品德抵触的时期配景——社会转型期,其概念的界定和转型期法治的重要特色;其次,当下司法与品德抵触的重要类型,包含合品德不正当和正当不合品德两品种型;最初,对各类情形停止总结。第四章为“我国司法与品德抵触之本质及利害剖析”。此部门剖析了抵触产生的本质是传统品德不雅念与古代司法规矩的抵触,是小我权力与社会好处的对峙与抵触。详细包含:传统以官本思惟为基本的品德与古代权力本位司法规矩的抵触、中国传统品德个人主义与古代法治小我本位的抵触、情面与司法的抵触和小我权力与社会好处之争。另外,剖析了我国司法与品德抵触的利害。我国司法与品德抵触的积极感化:第1、过度抵触会促使司法与品德之间构成良性互动。第二,抵触使我们对社会转型时代的司法与品德停止价值选择。我国司法与品德抵触的弊病:第一,抵触招致品德的迷惑,第二,抵触招致司法的错位。第五章为“我国司法与品德抵触之调和”。若何调和二者关系,笔者从以下几方面提出建议:第一,制订良法:以保证国民权力为原初动身点;第二,增强司法职业化扶植,包含树立法官的选任轨制、强化司法垂直治理。第三,完美国民陪审员轨制,司法确保国民可以或许有用介入。第四,构建完美司法监视系统。第六章为“结论”。此部门对全文停止了总结,当下司法与品德抵触重要包含合品德不正当和正当不合品德两品种型,抵触产生的本质是传统品德不雅念与古代司法规矩的抵触,是小我权力与社会好处的对峙与抵触。联合我国社会实际和根本国情,提出调和司法和品德抵触的建议:制订良法,增强司法职业化扶植,完美国民陪审员轨制,构建完美司法监视系统。

Abstract:

Between morality and justice in social transformation induced by differences China type hot case wrestling is spectacular. After the reform and opening-up, our country has entered a period of social transition, the benefits of diversity and multiple conflict coexist, this era can be summed up by "transformation" and "conflict" two words. There is no doubt that, along with the benefits scheme to the swap, benefit differentiation, conflicts of interest is ceaseless aggravate, many social indecent read in conventional read and ancient indecent read conflict is increasingly outstanding. Course, social development must change society ceaselessly, enhance the greatness of our social and economic take-off, but also stimulate must level of complexity, between justice and moral conflict continuously. Justice and moral as two different social conditioning means, standard system belongs to the differences, in reality there is justice and moral difference, dislocation and even conflict. Justice and moral conflict contains moral unfair and legitimate out of two types of character. The essence of the two conflict is the traditional moral concept and the ancient judicial rules conflict and disagreement, individual power and social benefits of confrontation and conflict. In this paper, through the analysis to the present situation, the essence and the interests of China's judicial and moral conflict, combined with China's social reality and the basic conditions, proposed to reconcile our judicial suggestions and moral conflict. The content of this paper includes the introduction, comment and conclusion, is divided into six chapters. The first chapter is the introduction of". Chapeau, introduced the research background and significance; secondly, it briefly sorts out and comments at home and abroad and the research status quo; again, introduced the important research methods; finally, it is pointed out that the innovation and the lack of places. The second chapter is "the internal justice and moral conflict and its definition". This chapter is divided into three departments, defines the concept of judicial separation and deep essence, moral concept, main content and the historical changes, and the definition of justice and moral conflict. The third chapter is "the analysis of the present situation at present of our country judicial and moral conflict". At first, it analyzes the current our country judicature and morality conflict period background, social transformation period, the concept definition and transformation of the important characteristics of the rule of law; secondly, important types of present legal and moral conflict, contains moral justifiable and unjustifiable sub two types of character. Initially, for various situations are summary. The fourth chapter is the analysis of the essence and the interests of China's judicial and moral conflict". This part analyzes the nature of the conflict is the traditional moral concept of conflict with the ancient judicial rules, individual power and social benefits of confrontation and conflict. With include: traditional to the officer thought is the basic morality and ancient power standard judicial rules of conflict, China traditional moral individualism and ancient legal person based conflict, sensibilities and judicial conflict and individual rights and social benefits. In addition, the analysis of our judicial and moral conflict of interest. The positive role of China's judicial and moral conflict: first, excessive conflict between the judicial and moral form benign interaction. Second, we make the conflict of social transformation and the choice of the time value of justice and moral stop. China's judicial and moral conflict problems: first, moral conflict led to confusion, second, conflict led judicial dislocation. The fifth chapter is "China's judicial and moral conflict harmony". How to reconcile the relationship between the two, the author from the following several aspects of suggestions: first, develop good law: in order to guarantee the people's rights as the original starting point; second, enhance the judicial professionalism construction, contains set judges elected rail system, strengthening judicial vertical governance. Third, perfect the National Jury system, judicial intervention may be useful to ensure that national. Fourth, the construction of the perfect judicial surveillance system. The sixth chapter is the conclusion". The Department the full text of the summary, the present legal and moral conflict important contains moral justifiable and unjustifiable sub two types of morality, the nature of conflict is traditional moral concept and the ancient judicial rules of conflict, is individual rights and social benefits of confrontation and conflict. Combined with China's social reality and the basic conditions of proposed reconcile justice and moral conflicting suggestions: establishing the conscientious law, enhance the judicial professionalism construction, perfect the National Jury system, build perfect judicial surveillance system.

目录:

摘要3-5
Abstract5-6
目录7-9
第1章 绪论9-15
    1.1 选题背景与研究意义9
        1.1.1 选题背景9
        1.1.2 研究意义9
    1.2 研究现状9-12
        1.2.1 国内研究现状述评10-11
        1.2.2 国外研究现状述评11-12
    1.3 研究方法12-13
        1.3.1 文献研究法12-13
        1.3.2 比较研究法13
        1.3.3 法社会学方法13
        1.3.4 案例分析法13
    1.4 创新之处与不足之处13-15
        1.4.1 本文的创新之处13
        1.4.2 本文的不足之处13-15
第2章 司法与道德的内涵及其冲突界定15-23
    2.1 现代司法概念的应然之相15-18
        2.1.1 司法概念的界定15-16
        2.1.2 司法的深层本质探析16-18
    2.2 道德的概念及主要内容18-20
        2.2.1 道德的概念界定18
        2.2.2 道德的主要内容18-20
    2.3 司法与道德冲突的界定20-23
        2.3.1 冲突的概念界定20
        2.3.2 司法与道德冲突的界定20-23
第3章 当下我国司法与道德冲突之现状分析23-31
    3.1 当下我国司法与道德冲突时代背景——社会转型期23-25
        3.1.1 社会转型期的界定23-24
        3.1.2 转型期法治的特点24-25
    3.2 司法与道德冲突的主要类型25-28
        3.2.1 合道德不合法——以李昌奎案为例26-27
        3.2.2 合法不合道德——以小悦悦事件为例27-28
    3.3 总结28-31
第4章 我国司法与道德冲突之实质与利弊分析31-45
    4.1 我国司法与道德冲突的实质——我国传统道德观念与现代法律规则的冲突31-40
        4.1.1 传统以官本思想为基础的道德与现代权利本位法律规则的冲突33-35
        4.1.2 中国传统道德集体主义与现代法治个人本位的冲突35-36
        4.1.3 人情与法律的冲突36-37
        4.1.4 个人权利与社会利益之争37-40
    4.2 我国司法与道德冲突的利弊分析40-45
        4.2.1 利:促进司法与道德的发展以及社会的整合40-41
        4.2.2 弊:冲突导致道德的困惑、法律的错位41-45
第5章 我国司法与道德冲突之协调45-55
    5.1 制定良法:以保障公民权利为原初出发点45-47
    5.2 加强司法职业化建设,保障司法权威47-49
        5.2.1 建立法官的选任制度47-48
        5.2.2 强化司法垂直管理48-49
    5.3 完善人民陪审员制度,保障公民有效参与司法49-50
    5.4 构建完善司法监督体系50-55
        5.4.1 明确人大监督的法律地位51
        5.4.2 落实检察监督的法律职责51-52
        5.4.3 完善法院审判监督机制52-53
        5.4.4 实现媒体对司法的有效监督53-55
第6章 结论55-57
参考文献57-61
致谢61-63
攻读硕士学位期间研究成果63