英国过失侵权行为法起源初探一以Donoghue v。Stevenson案为中心

A preliminary study on the origin of the tort law of negligence in the UK V Donoghue. Stevenson case as the center

摘要:(摘要内容经过系统自动伪原创处理以避免复制,下载原文正常,内容请直接查看目录。)

过掉侵权行动法是英国侵权法的主要范畴,过掉侵权行动也是主要的侵权类型。自1932年Donoghue v. Stevenson案创设过掉侵权行动今后,过掉侵权行动实际转变了英国侵权法的面孔;本文重要环绕Donoghue v. Stevenson案,并辅之以其他有名判例及史料,来考核英国过掉侵权行动法的来源、特色及内容,剖析该实际的价值、意义及影响,本文重要分为以下四个部门:第一部门,出力于考核英国晚期侵权法及其救援系统,特殊是触及过掉侵权的晚期的诉讼情势:直接损害之诉和直接损害之诉,经由过程联合英国晚期的判例对这两项轨制停止剖析,使读者对英国晚期侵权法的救援系统有一个初步的掌握。第二部门,着重于对过掉侵权行动实际发生的配景剖析,经由过程判例剖析懂得其时英国侵权法救援系统,特殊是因缺点产物致害案件没法为被告供给救援的窘境,并考核过掉侵权焦点要素留意责任的汗青演化,提醒过掉侵权行动法构建的实际基本。第三部门,集中于剖析Donoghue v. Stevenson案的诉讼进程,特殊是上议院年夜法官会议的评论辩论,经由过程剖析五位年夜法官的谈话,提醒该案的救援窘境及深层缘由,探讨过掉侵权行动构建的配景、需要性、实际基本及先例等身分,为展现过掉侵权实际的创设进程供给一个全方位的视角;另外,还为读者分析该案包含的三重命题及其价值,让读者对过掉侵权及Donoghue v. Stevenson案有一个周全的懂得。第四部门,努力于剖析该案对英国侵权法成长及英国社会的影响,来展现Donoghue v. Stevenson案及过掉侵权行动法的影响及其价值。本文经由过程研习英国诸多有名判例,采取案例研讨、史论联合等办法,力争归结20世纪英国过掉侵权行动实际出生的缘由配景、内容、特色及其价值。

Abstract:

Fall is the main category of British tort action law of tort law, tort action over is the main type of infringement. Since 1932 Donoghue v. Stevenson case creation off infringement action in the future, the actual change over tort action in British tort law faces; the important v. around the Donoghue Stevenson case, supplemented by other famous cases and historical origin, characteristics and content of appraisal to the British over tort action law, analyzes the value, significance and the actual effect, this paper is divided into the following four parts: the first part, the output in the assessment of early British tort law and rescue system, especially touched off infringement litigation situation: direct late damages and direct damages, through the process of the United Kingdom in the late of the two case system the analysis, so that readers of the British advanced rescue system of tort law have a preliminary grasp. The second department, focusing on to fall over the tort action of the actual background analysis, through case analysis know meantime English tort law relief system, especially for defect product damage cases caused by not dilemma of defendant aid supplies and examined out elements of tort focus attention to the responsibility of history evolution, warned off tort action law to construct the basic theory. The third sector, focusing on the analysis of the case of Donoghue v. Stevenson of the litigation process, special is the house of Lords conference of the eve of the judges comment debate, through the analysis of the process of five of the eve of the judge's conversation remind the rescue of the dilemma of the case and the deep reason, explored out tort action constructs the background, necessity, actual identity of basic and precedents, and the like, to show off the actual infringement creation process supply a full range of perspective; in addition, for the reader to analysis the case contains three important proposition and value, allowing readers to fall over the infringement and Donoghue v. Stevenson case to have a comprehensive understanding. The fourth sector, efforts to analyze the case influence on British tort law and growth of British society, to show the effect of Donoghue v. Stevenson case and tort law and its value out of action. The through the process of studying British many famous case, take case studies, history, theory, combined with other measures, and strive to attributed the 20th century Britain had lost tort action born of reason background, content, characteristic and the value.

目录:

摘要4-6
Abstract6-7
导言10-15
    一、 英国侵权法特点11-12
    二、 本文几个概念的区分12-14
    三、 本文撰写的目的及意义14-15
第一章 英国早期侵权行为法及救济体系15-26
    第一节 直接侵害之诉与间接侵害之诉的演变15-21
        一、 直接侵害之诉15-18
        二、 间接侵害之诉18-21
    第二节 主观状态“过失”的演变及过失侵权诉讼21-26
        一、 “过失”的起源及发展21-22
        二、 “过失”与直接侵害之诉的关系22
        三、 “过失”与间接侵害之诉及承诺之诉的关系22-24
        四、 “过失”含义凸显及其意义24-26
第二章 英国过失侵权行为法产生背景26-37
    第一节 过错责任的普遍适用27-29
        一、 过错责任的引入27
        二、 过错责任的价值及其意义27-29
    第二节 过失侵权损害案件救济困境29-31
        一、 过失侵权损害案件发展概况29
        二、 过失侵权案救济的困境29-31
        三、 过失侵权案的意义及价值31
    第三节 注意义务的演变及扩张31-34
        一、 注意义务的发展概况31-32
        二、 注意义务的判例研究32-34
        三、 注意义务的意义及价值34
    第四节 过失侵权行为概念演变34-37
        一、 过失侵权行为的概念35-36
        二、 过失侵权行为概念的适用36-37
第三章 Donoghue 案与过失侵权行为法的确立37-59
    第一节 Donoghue 案介绍及问题分析38-40
        一、 案件简要介绍38-39
        二、 关键性问题分析39-40
    第二节 上议院五位法官法律意见分析40-52
        一、 反对上诉法官的意见分析41-44
        二、 赞成上诉法官的意见分析44-52
    第三节 Donoghue 案蕴含三重命题及其价值52-59
        一、 新形势下过失侵权责任与合同违约责任的选择52-54
        二、 注意义务及其判定标准“邻人原则”54-55
        三、 从产品责任领域到各个领域55-59
第四章 过失侵权行为法的评价及其意义59-66
    第一节 过失侵权行为法的确立与新的救济方式诞生59-60
    第二节 过失侵权行为法对英国侵权法的价值60-63
        一、 对注意义务发展的影响60-62
        二、 对注意义务的认定方式的影响62-63
    第三节 过失侵权行为法与英国社会发展63-66
结语66-69
参考文献69-74
在读期间发表的学术论文与研究成果74-75
后记75-78