企业分担高等职业教育成本研究

Cost of Higher Vocational Education

摘要:(摘要内容经过系统自动伪原创处理以避免复制,下载原文正常,内容请直接查看目录。)

十八年夜申报中提出要办国民满足的教导,症结在于进步教导的质量,教导经费作为进步教导质量的保证,必需公道应用。因为高级职业教导的特别性,其教导本钱是通俗高级教导的2.4倍,而当局的投入比例远低于通俗高级教导,招致高级职业教导的成长经费缺乏。教导部部长袁贵仁已在多个场所指出我国以后的职业教导经费投入比例偏低,应予以倾斜。为了完成高级职业教导的安康成长,必需包管其足额的经费投入。在这类年夜情况下,高级职业教导的本钱分管近况应运而生。基于约翰斯通的教导本钱分管实际,从教导中获益的各方应分管高级职业教导的本钱,企业是受害的重要主体之一,理应承当部门本钱。研讨企业对高级职业教导本钱的分管可以追求企业的多元化分管方法,以减缓高级职业教导经费重要的近况;同时企业的分管还能下降受教导者小我与家庭的分管比例,使贫苦家庭的先生也能有公正退学的机遇,必定水平上增进了教导公正,进而加速我国高级教导年夜众化的过程。本文以文献法与查询拜访法相联合为重要研讨办法,用文献法梳理了我国高级职业教导本钱分管演化过程,在此基本上,理清我国高级职业教导本钱分管现存的主体。以教导本钱分管实际为基本,从企业受害和企业有才能付出的角度用数据论证了其为何要分管高级职业教导本钱。从相干数据整顿剖析中发明我国企业对高级职业教导本钱分管存在着分管比例不高、分管方法单1、分管积极端不高级成绩,并总结国外高级职业教导企业本钱分管的胜利经历,联合我国存在的成绩提出响应的对策,包含健全司法律例,保证企业依法分管;追求分管方法多元化;树立社会义务轨制,包管企业的投资志愿。本文的立异的地方在于起首是从企业招收高级职业院校卒业生以后获益的角度与企业有才能付出的角度动身,对企业投入高级职业教导停止需要性剖析。其次本文将国外职业教导成长成熟国度的教导成本钱分管停止经历总结,找出列国成长的个性,以期能为我国的企业介入职业教导、分管职业教导本钱供给自创和指点。

Abstract:

The eve of the eighteen declaration made to the satisfaction of the people do teach, teach the crux of the problem lies in the progress of quality education funds as progress to ensure the quality of teaching, must reasonable application. Because of the special of the occupation senior teaching, the teaching cost is 2.4 times the ordinary higher education, and the authorities invested much lower than the proportion of popular higher education, Senior occupation education development led to a lack of funds. Department of Education Secretary Yuan Guiren has been in a number of places that China's future occupation education funds investment proportion is low, should be inclined. In order to complete the occupation of Ankang to teach advanced growth, investment is required to guarantee the full funding. In this kind of environment, came into being in charge of Senior occupation teaching status of capital. Johnstone's teaching cost in charge of the practice, benefit from the teachings of parties should be in charge of the senior vocational teach capital based on enterprise is injured, which is one of the most important subjects, should bear the cost for department. Research firm for advanced professional teach cost in charge of to pursue diversified enterprises in charge of the method, to slow the senior vocational education funds important status; at the same time also in charge of the enterprises decreased education of individual and family in charge of the proportion, the poor family, also can have the opportunity that just dropped out of the must level enhance the fair teaching, and speed up the process of China's higher education masses. In this paper, the document and query visit method combined for important research methods, teaching cost in charge of existing subject with literature reviews of senior vocational teaching cost in charge of evolution process. On this basis, clarify the vocational senior high. In charge of the actual cost to teach basic, from the enterprise and the enterprise has to pay the victim perspective data demonstrates the why in charge of Senior occupation teaching cost. From the coherent data consolidation analysis of invented enterprises in our country for advanced professional teaching capital charge exists in charge ratio is not high, in charge of method 1 single, in charge of the positive end of senior grades, and summarizes the foreign advanced vocational teaching cost in charge of successful experience, combined with our existing problems put forward the corresponding countermeasures, contains perfect laws and regulations to ensure enterprise shall, according to law, in charge of; pursuit in charge of diversified methods; establishing the social liability system, ensure the enterprise investment choice. Innovation of this paper is that the chapeau is from the enterprise recruit senior vocational college graduate after benefit angle and enterprises have to pay a price to the point of departure, for businesses to invest in advanced vocational education ceases to require analysis. Secondly, this article will foreign vocational education grow mature countries teach cost money is in charge to stop sum up experience, find out the nations growth of personality, in order to our country enterprise involved in vocational education, in charge of vocational teaching provides the cost generated and guidance.

目录:

摘要5-6
ABSTRACT6-7
第一章 绪论10-24
    1.1 研究背景、目的与意义10-11
        1.1.1 研究背景10
        1.1.2 研究目的10-11
        1.1.3 研究意义11
    1.2 研究的依据11-14
        1.2.1 理论依据11-13
        1.2.2 现实依据13-14
    1.3 国内外研究综述14-22
        1.3.1 国内研究综述14-18
        1.3.2 国外研究综述18-22
        1.3.3 国内外研究综述述评22
    1.4 研究思路与方法22-23
        1.4.1 研究思路22-23
        1.4.2 研究方法23
    1.5 研究创新之处23-24
第二章 企业分担高等职业教育成本的现状24-31
    2.1 高等职业教育成本分担的演变历程24-26
    2.2 高等职业教育成本分担主体的现状26-27
    2.3 企业受益于高等职业教育的现状27-29
    2.4 企业有能力支付高等职业教育成本的现状29-30
    2.5 企业分担高等职业教育成本逐年增高的现状30-31
第三章 企业分担高等职业教育成本存在的问题及原因31-36
    3.1 企业分担高等职业教育成本的现存问题31-33
        3.1.1 企业对高等职业教育成本的分担比例不高31-32
        3.1.2 企业对高等职业教育成本的分担方式单一32-33
        3.1.3 企业对高等职业教育成本的分担积极度不高33
    3.2 企业分担高等职业教育成本问题的原因33-36
        3.2.1 企业分担高等职业教育成本的法律制度不完善33-34
        3.2.2 高等职业院校的培养目标与社会发展需求错位34
        3.2.3 企业自身发展不够成熟34-36
第四章 企业对高等职业教育成本分担的对策研究36-44
    4.1 国外企业分担教育成本的经验总结36-39
        4.1.1 企业对高等职业教育的成本分担有法律保障36-37
        4.1.2 企业分担高等职业教育的成本形式多样37-38
        4.1.3 校企合作机制健全38-39
    4.2 我国企业分担高等职业教育成本的对策39-44
        4.2.1 健全法律法规,保障企业依法分担高等职业教育成本39
        4.2.2 寻求企业分担高等教育成本形式的多样化39-40
        4.2.3 巩固校企合作的基础地位40-42
        4.2.4 共建社会宣传与社会责任制度,保障企业的投资意愿42-44
结语44-45
参考文献45-47
致谢47-48
作者简介48