创业心理资本、社会支持及创业绩效的关系研究

The relationship between entrepreneurial psychological capital, social support and entrepreneurial performance

摘要:(摘要内容经过系统自动伪原创处理以避免复制,下载原文正常,内容请直接查看目录。)

跟着创业运动活泼水平的增强,创业研讨已成为国际外学术界异常活泼的研讨范畴。心思本钱逐步成了继经济、人力、社会三年夜本钱以后晋升个别和组织竞争优势的第四年夜本钱。作为一个较新的概念,创业心思本钱的研讨总量不多,个中,对始创期和成熟期企业的创业者在创业心思本钱变更的研讨还没有。本研讨综合应用文献剖析、深度访谈、问卷查询拜访等办法提出并验证了创业心思本钱的变更趋向,而且进一步研讨了创业心思本钱和社会支撑这两个变量经由过程创业阶段对创事迹效的影响。起首,本研讨对五十个访谈案例停止了摸索,经由过程质性剖析描写了创业心思本钱随创业阶段的变更趋向。接上去,本研讨应用后人编制的创业心思本钱问卷,在分歧创业阶段的创业者中发放,搜集了574份有用问卷,查询拜访数据进一步证明了创业心思本钱七个身分的水平变更。最初,经由过程对创业者创业心思本钱、社会支撑、创事迹效的问卷查询拜访和财政数据搜集,对统计成果停止相干剖析,创业心思本钱和社会支撑都与创事迹效都有明显影响,注解创业者的创业阶段会经由过程创业心思本钱与创业者所取得的社会支撑的数目这两个中介变量影响创事迹效。本研讨扩展了心思本钱实际的运用规模,丰硕了心思本钱的实际研讨,证实了了创业心思本钱跟着创业阶段深刻的变更趋向,探讨了创业心思本钱和社会支撑二者与创事迹效之间的关系,对指点创业理论有必定的启示意义。

Abstract:

With the active movement level enhancement of entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship research has become the research category of international academic abnormal lively. The mind gradually became the capital economic, human and social capital after the three big promotion of individual and organization competitive advantage fourth big capital. As a relatively new concept, total research of entrepreneurial psychological cost is not much, medium, the pioneer period and mature period enterprise entrepreneurs in entrepreneurial psychological cost change research yet. The comprehensive discussion of the application of literature analysis, depth interview, questionnaire survey method is proposed and verify the entrepreneurial psychological cost of change trend, and further studies the entrepreneurial psychological cost and social support these two variables through the stage of entrepreneurship a performance impact. First of all, this study stopped groping for fifty cases of interviews, through the process of qualitative analysis of the description of entrepreneurial mind with the start-up phase of the change trend of capital. Pick up, this research applied later compiled entrepreneurial psychological cost questionnaire, issued in the phase of different venture entrepreneurs, collect the 574 valid questionnaires were collected, survey data is further evidence of the change of the level of entrepreneurial psychological cost seven identity. Initially, through the process of entrepreneurs entrepreneurial mind cost, social support, a performance questionnaire investigation and financial data collection, the statistical results stop analysis of relevant, entrepreneurial psychological cost and social support are and achieves outstanding achievement effect has obvious effect, notes entrepreneurs of the start-up phase will through the entrepreneurial process psychological cost and venture made number of social support of the two intermediary variables impact created the story. This study extends the psychological cost actual use scale, rich the theoretical study of psychological cost, confirmed the entrepreneurial psychological cost follow the start-up stage profound change trend, discusses the entrepreneurial psychological cost and social support two and a relationship between the achievement and effect, has certain enlightenment significance to guiding the entrepreneurship theory.

目录:

中文摘要4-5
Abstract5
1 引言8-9
2 文献综述9-20
    2.1 创业理论的研究9-10
    2.2 心理资本的研究10-14
    2.3 创业绩效的研究14-16
        2.3.1 创业绩效测评面临的困难14
        2.3.2 创业绩效的理论视角14-15
        2.3.3 创业绩效的测评指标15-16
        2.3.4 创业绩效的测评方法16
    2.4 创业心理资本与创业绩效的研究16-17
    2.5 社会支持的研究17-20
        2.5.1 社会支持的定义17
        2.5.2 社会支持的作用机制17-19
        2.5.3 社会支持的相关研究19-20
3 问题提出及研究意义20-25
    3.1 以往研究的不足20
    3.2 问题的提出20-24
        3.2.1 创业心理资本作为心理状态的动态性20-22
        3.2.2 创业心理资本随着创业活动深入而变化22
        3.2.3 创业心理资本、创业绩效与社会支持三者关系的综合研究22-24
    3.3 研究意义24-25
        3.3.1 理论意义24
        3.3.2 实践意义24-25
4 研究一:创业心理资本变化趋势的质性分析25-27
    4.1 研究目的25
    4.2 研究假设25
    4.3 研究方法及过程25
    4.4 研究结果25-27
5 研究二:不同创业阶段创业心理资本比较研究27-29
    5.1 研究目的27
    5.2 研究假设27
    5.3 研究过程27
    5.4 研究结果27-29
6 研究三:创业心理资本、社会支持及创业绩效的关系研究29-33
    6.1 研究目的29
    6.2 研究假设29
    6.3 研究工具和被试29-31
    6.4 研究结果31-33
        6.4.1 创业心理资本的中介效应检验31-32
        6.4.2 社会支持的中介效应检验32-33
7 总讨论33-37
    7.1 研究结果的解释33
    7.2 研究结果的应用33-35
        7.2.1 充实创业心理资本的理论发展34
        7.2.2 为创业园区的服务提供指导意见34-35
        7.2.3 为针对创业者的心理辅导提供理论依据35
    7.3 研究的不足35
        7.3.1 创业心理资本的结构变化有待进一步深入35
        7.3.2 创业心理发展变化的一般模型有待完善35
    7.4 未来的研究展望35-37
        7.4.1 拓展分析整个创业过程中创业心态的结构变化35-36
        7.4.2 建构创业心理资本及整个创业心态的变化模型36-37
8 参考文献37-39
9 附录39-48
    9.1 访谈提纲39-40
    9.2 访谈笔录(举例)40-42
    9.3 问卷42-48
10 后记48-49