真实的叙事一传记理论观照下的哈里特·雅各布斯的《一个黑奴女孩的自述》

Harriet Jacobs's "self narration of a black slave girl" in the perspective of the theory of real narration

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奴隶出生的哈里特·雅各布斯是一位非裔的美国女作家。她以本身的亲自阅历为素材撰写了一部自传《一个黑奴女孩的自述》。这部自传问世以来,许多文学批驳家疑惑雅各布斯不是这部自传的作者,质疑这部自传作品奴隶叙事的真实性。虽然有学者曾论证过雅各布斯的作者身份,然则本文从别的一个角度剖析了雅各布斯的自传《一个黑奴女孩的自述》奴隶叙事的真实性。本文除引言和结论外共分三部门。引言扼要引见了作者哈里特·雅各布斯和她的作品《一个黑奴女孩的自述》,还对今朝国际外对雅各布斯及她的作品的研讨近况做了综述,最初扼要引见了自传实际。第一章剖析了雅各布斯身份的嬗变和其身份嬗变的缘由。关于传主来讲身份是一个异常主要的成绩。而关于发展在美国的非籍人来讲弄清其身份尤其主要。奴隶是雅各布斯出身以来的第一个身份。作为奴隶,白人奴隶主褫夺了她最根本的人生权利。而作为女性奴隶,她还遭遇着白人的性榨取。虽然她是一位受盘剥受榨取的妇女,雅各布斯却不随意马虎言败。她大胆地和白人奴隶主和蓄奴制停止奋斗,从而给读者留下一种机灵和无能的印象。逃奴是雅各布斯取得的第二个身份。自在在她的身份嬗变中起着症结的感化。对自在的神往使雅各布斯踏上了去美国北部的途径。后来她加入了废奴主义活动,成为一位积极的废奴活动主义者。关于依然生涯在奴役中的姐妹,雅各布斯有一种义务感,这也是她成为废奴主义者的缘由。从这一方面来讲这些事宜与她的身份是符合合的。雅各布斯经由过程论述本身的身份变更和性情展现,到达了说实话的目标,而经由过程这些论述,读者逐步懂得到雅各布斯老实和大胆的品德,继而使读者信任她讲述的是一个真实的故事。第二章商量了这部自传中的三维现实,进一步论证这部自传作品叙事的真实性。雅各布斯遭遇了白人奴隶主的性损害,紧接着在阁楼里隐蔽长达七年之久,这些都是雅各布斯活泼的自传现实,且表现出雅各布斯性情强硬的一面。在《一个黑奴女孩的自述》中,雅各布斯还描述了其他一些人,像她年迈的外祖母,一些奴隶同胞,还有一些白人妇女,这些组成了这篇自传作品的列传现实。雅各布斯在自传中还记载了一些汗青现实蓄奴制、种族轻视和《逃奴法案》的经由过程等等。这三种现实融会在一路,强化了这部自传叙事的真实性。第三章商量传主的良知成绩。一方面雅各布斯经由过程展现本身固有的品德像老实和认可毛病的勇气等等来包管作品叙事的真实性,而老实和勇气恰是真实性的构成部门。另外一方面雅各布斯经由过程评价本身的羞辱感到达说实话的目标。虽然雅各布斯在写作时冒着惹起读者轻视的风险,但却为本身赢来了自负。最初一部门是结论。本文经由过程对雅各布斯身份的变更、自传的三维现实、传主的良知停止剖析,全方位论证了《一个黑奴女孩的自述》叙事的真实性。

Abstract:

Slave born Harriet Jacobs is a female African American writer. She is personally experience a material wrote an autobiography "a slave girl readme". Since the advent of the autobiography, many literary criticism home doubts Jacobs is the Autobiography of the author, questioned the authenticity of this autobiographical work slave narrative. Although some scholars have argued that Jacobs's authorship, but the authenticity of Jacobs's autobiography "a slave girl readme" slave narrative from another angle. In addition to the introduction and conclusion is divided into three departments. The introduction briefly introduced the author Harriet Jacobs and her works "of a slave girl readme", on the current international research status in quo of Jacobs and her work summary, first briefly introduced the autobiography practice. The first chapter analyzes the reason of evolution of Jacobs's identity and its identity evolution. Speaking about his identity is a very main achievement. While in the United States on the development of African people to clarify its identity especially. The slave is the first identity since Jacobs was born. As a slave, white slave owners deprived of her most fundamental human rights. And as a female slave, she also suffered a squeeze of white. Although she is a exploited oppressed women, Jacobs is not easily defeated. She boldly and white slave owners and slave system stopping, thus leaving a clever and incompetent impression to the readers. The fugitive slave Jacobs made second identity. Freedom plays a role in the crux of her identity evolution. The way to free the charmed Jacobs embarked on to North america. She later joined the abolitionist movement, became an active abolitionist activist. A still career in bondage and sisters, Jacobs has a sense of obligation, which is why she became abolitionists. From this aspect of these matters and her identity is accord. Jacobs through discussion itself change of status and temperament show, reach the goal to tell the truth, and through the process of the discussion, the reader gradually understand to Jacobs honest and bold character, and then make the reader trusts that she tells a true story. The second chapter discuss the 3D reality the autobiography, further demonstrates the authenticity of this autobiographical narrative works. Jacobs suffered damage and the white slave, then hidden in the attic for seven years, these are Jacobs's autobiography and lively reality show a strong Jacobs temperament. In the a slave girl readme ". Jacobs also describe other people, like her old grandmother, some fellow slave, there are a number of white women, these form the biographies of the reality of this biography works. Jacobs also recorded some historical reality of slavery, racism and the "Fugitive Slave Act" through the process and so on in his autobiography. The three together in a realistic way, strengthen the authenticity of this autobiographical narrative. The third chapter discuss his conscience achievement. On the one hand, through the process of Jacobs show the inherent character as honest and recognized with courage and so on to ensure the authenticity of the narrative, and honest and courage is just part of the authenticity of the. On the other hand, Jacobs through the process of evaluation of their own shame as the truth was the target. Although Jacobs risked arouse the reader contempt at the time of writing, but for itself to win a conceited. The first part is conclusion. This paper through the change process of identity Jacobs, autobiography of three-dimensional reality, the subject of the biography of conscience to carry on the analysis, a full range demonstrates the authenticity "of a slave girl readme" narrative.

目录:

Acknowledgement4-5
ABSTRACT5-6
摘要7-11
Introduction11-23
Chapter One True Identities in the Incidents23-37
    1.1 Identities Being Given24-30
        1.1.1 A Powerless Slave Woman24-27
        1.1.2 An Intelligent and Capable Woman27-30
    1.2 Identities Asking for30-34
        1.2.1 For Freedom30-32
        1.2.2 Of Responsibility32-34
    1.3 Summary34-37
Chapter Two Three Dimensional Facts in the Incidents37-53
    2.1 Autobiographical Fact37-40
        2.1.1 Sexual Harassment from Her White Master37-39
        2.1.2 Concealment in the Garret for Seven Years39-40
    2.2 Biographical Fact40-46
        2.2.1 Influence from Grandmother41-43
        2.2.2 Miserable Life of Other Slaves43-44
        2.2.3 Assistance from the White People44-46
    2.3 Historical Fact46-50
        2.3.1 The Slavery in America46-47
        2.3.2 The Racial Discrimination in America47-48
        2.3.3 The Issue of the Fugitive Slave Law48-50
    2.4 Summary50-53
Chapter Three Sense of Conscience in the Incidents53-67
    3.1 A Display of Qualities53-57
        3.1.1 Honesty54-56
        3.1.2 Courage56-57
    3.2 Sense of Shame57-65
        3.2.1 Sense of Shame Arising from Her Relatives58-61
        3.2.2 Shame Serving as a Good Purpose of Self-esteem61-65
    3.3 Summary65-67
Conclusion67-69
Bibliography69-72