唐代竹产业研究

Research on bamboo industry in Tang Dynasty

摘要:(摘要内容经过系统自动伪原创处理以避免复制,下载原文正常,内容请直接查看目录。)

唐朝竹林遍及于南边和黄河中下流的宽大地域。南方是唐当局的主要竹材供给地,重要是“在官”皇家竹园。竹林散布最北端约在泾渭下游及北洛河、渭河平原南部、中条山一代和太行山西北麓等地域。而除皇家竹园之外的南方竹林和南边宽大的竹林都是“在平易近”竹园,重要是知足庶民的临盆生涯、增长支出和敷衍当局的纳税。竹家当与唐朝的临盆生涯、衣食药用、手工身手等方面都有着亲密的接洽,丰硕了唐朝的物资文明临盆生涯。唐朝竹家当有“在官”和“在平易近”之分,“在官者办课,在平易近者输税。”不管是“在官”照样“在平易近”的竹家当,范围都极端伟大。这一时代竹家当涌现的一个新状态,就是皇族、显贵、豪室开端年夜范围运营庄园别业,而竹家当也是庄园别业中运营的对象。固然,平常庶民、寺院道不雅也年夜力运营竹家当,竹家当在唐朝完成了范围化运营。同时,不管是都会、府市、州市照样县市,唐当局在中心和处所都有一套完全的市场监管系统,竹家当作为唐朝商品经济中一个具有活气的经济因子,融入并标准于唐朝的的市场体系体例中,以各类情势介入到唐朝商品经济大水中,介入市场生意业务,范围化运营在必定水平上是为了取得范围化效益,竹家当慢慢走向专门化运营。因为竹家当的成长,竹材曾经成为当局增长支出的起源。当局为了保证竹材供给和治理竹家当,增长税收,在中心和处所都设有一套治理轨制和系统,以保证竹家当的稳固成长。关于“在官”竹家当,唐当局设置司竹监停止治理,而“在平易近”竹家当,重要是州县市令治理和标准市场和商业,中心和各州县市令合营司竹监,如许就构成了全部的治理和标准竹家当的轨制系统。

Abstract:

The Tang Dynasty in the Yellow River in the South and bamboo dirty big area. The south is the main supply of bamboo Tang to the authorities, "is important in the official" Royal garden. Bamboo spread the northernmost about in Jing River and the Weihe River downstream and Beiluohe River, Weihe River Plain in the south, Zhongtiaoshan generation and Taihang Mountains in northern areas. And in addition to the Royal Garden of bamboo forest and south of the south big bamboo is "in folk" Zhu Yuan, it is important to satisfy the plebeian birth career and growth tax expenditure and perfunctory authorities. Bamboo furniture and the Tang Dynasty parturient career, clothing, food, medical, manual skill and have a close contact, abounded the Tang Dynasty material civilization production career. Tang Zhaozhu house "in the official" and "people", "class in the official, in people who lose tax." Whether it is "in the official" still "in the bamboo house people", are extremely great scope. The age of the bamboo furniture emerged a new state is royalty, nobility, room luxury beginning large-scale operation manor don't industry, and bamboo furniture is manor don't industry in the operation of the object. Of course, the usual palace, temple road also Nianye indecent force operation bamboo belongings, completed the operation scope of bamboo industry in the Tang dynasty. At the same time, no matter is, palace city, city still counties, bureau of Don in the central and local have a set of complete market supervision system, bamboo furniture as the Tang Dynasty commodity economy a is the vitality of economic factor, standard and blend in the style of market system of the Tang Dynasty, to various forms of intervention to the Tang Dynasty commodity economy water and intervention in the market business, scope of operations to a certain level is to obtain a range of benefits, bamboo furniture slowly toward the specialized operation. Because of the growth of the house of bamboo, bamboo has become the origin of authorities spending growth. Authorities in order to ensure that bamboo supply and management of bamboo furniture, tax revenue growth, with a set of governance rail system and system in the central and local, to guarantee the stable development of bamboo furniture. On "in the official" bamboo furniture, Tang authorities set our bamboo prison stop governance, and "in the plain near the" bamboo furniture, it is important to state, county and municipal governance and standard market and business order, center and State counties make joint venture our bamboo supervision, such a rail system of all of the governance and standard bamboo furniture.

目录:

摘要3-4
Abstract4-5
目录6-7
绪论7-12
    (一) 论文选题来源7
    (二) 研究目的及意义7-8
    (三) 研究综述8-10
    (四) 研究的基本内容与方法10-11
    (五) 论文的重点、难点及创新之处11-12
一、唐代竹林分布格局12-17
二、竹产业与唐代社会经济17-33
    (一) 竹产业与唐代的生产生活17-23
    (二) 竹产业与唐代衣食药用23-27
    (三) 竹产业与唐代工艺27-33
三、唐代竹产业的商品市场33-44
    (一) 竹产业的规模化经营33-39
    (二) 竹产业的市场贸易39-44
四、唐代竹产业政策44-56
    (一) 唐政府对竹产业征税的缘由44-49
    (二) 唐代竹产业政策与制度体系49-56
结语56-58
参考文献58-66
在读期间的科研成果66-67
致谢67