改革与重塑—临河县土地改革研究

Reform and reconstruction of land reform in Kanawha County

摘要:(摘要内容经过系统自动伪原创处理以避免复制,下载原文正常,内容请直接查看目录。)

地盘改造完全破除了在我国连续了两千多年的封建地盘一切制,是中国共产党率领中国国民获得新平易近主主义反动成功的主要宝贝。关于这一课题的研讨一向是中国近古代史和中共党史研讨的重点成绩之一。地盘改造在全国规模内普遍展开且时光跨度年夜,各地的现实情形分歧,因此各地地盘改造也就分歧水平的带有其奇特性。河套地域自古以来农业就非常蓬勃,有“黄河百害,唯富一套”、“世界黄河富河套,富了前套富后套”之说,汗青上临河县又是一个汉族与多数平易近族聚居的地域,这一地域的地盘改造不只有着许多分歧于其他地域的特别性,同时在绥远省土改中也非常具有代表性。临河县地盘改造,1951年6月至1951年12月底为地盘改造的预备阶段,重要包含绥远省土改总方针的提出、减租调地活动、展开土改典范实验等几个严重事宜;1952年1月至1952年2月为土改实行阶段,重要包含颁布详细实行方针、明白组织申报轨制、宣扬政策、规定阶层和展开分派等严重事宜。本文在对临河县地盘改造停止梳理的基本上,把地盘改造研讨同大众心思剖析相联合,发掘各阶级面临地盘改造这一深入变更时做出各类行动的深条理动因。同时论文研讨的角度不局限于汗青学,从心思学方面临新中国历次活动老是存在各类左的毛病的缘由停止剖析,进而提出对左的毛病之本源的深刻思虑。除此以外,论文还将临河县地盘改造同其他多数平易近族地域土改做出横向比拟,进而总结出临河县地盘改造的凸起特色。经由地盘改造,宽大农人分得了地盘,生涯状态获得了很年夜的改良;下层政权获得进一步完美,充分锤炼了年夜批下层干部;旧的陋习被改革,新的社会风尚获得建立,全部社会见貌为之面目一新,这些新的变更都是地盘改造对河套地域的停止社会重塑的建构要素。应该看到河套地域的土改固然获得了伟大的造诣,然则依然弗成防止的存在着一些成绩,好比一些准确的政策没有获得很好地贯彻、在土悛改程中涌现了一些过激的行动、部门地域中农的好处没有获得很好地掩护、毛病的扩展了袭击面等等,这些成绩所带来的经验是不容疏忽的,也是值得我们去反思的。

Abstract:

The site completely get rid of the transformation in China for more than two thousand years of feudal land ownership, is the main China Communist Party led national Chinese baby get a new democratic revolution success. Research on this topic has always been one of the key Chinese near ancient history and the history of the Communist Party of China Research achievements. Site renovation in the national scope and time span of general development, the reality of the situation around the differences, so the site around the transformation is also different with its peculiar level. Hetao region since ancient times agriculture is very vigorous, "yellow 100 harm, only for the rich set of", "world of the Yellow River rich loop, rich of rich set", said history Linhe county is a Han Chinese and most of the residents in ethnic regions, land transformation of the region not only has a many differences in other regions, also in Suiyuan province land reform also is very representative. Linhe county territory renovation, June 1951 to December 1951 at the end of the month as in the run-up to the transformation of the site, contains Suiyuan province land reform policy is proposed, rent and transfer activities, land reform experimental paradigm, and several other serious matters; January 1952 to 1952 February for land reform implementation stage, it contains issued detailed implementation guidelines, understand organization declare rail system, to promote the policies and regulations in class and other serious matters. In this paper, in, on the basis of combing the Kanawha County land reform, the site transformation research with the public mind analysis, explore the class is facing reconstruction of site the deep change to make all the deep-seated reasons. Also perspective for the study of this thesis is not limited to sweat Seigaku, from psychology facing new China the previous activities always exists all left the wrong reason to carry on the analysis, and put forward the profound thinking of the origin of the left problems. In addition, the Kanawha County land reform with most of the other residents in minority areas of land reform to make transverse comparison, and sums up the Linhe county land transformation of the salient features. Through land reform, large farmers share the land, state career obtained the very big improvement; the political power at the basic level obtain further perfect, to fully exercise the large number of lower level cadres; old bad habits were reform, new social mores get established, all social see appearance as the face of a new, these new changes are site transformation to the Hetao region stop reshaping social construction elements. Should see the Hetao region of land reform while access to the great accomplishments, but still cannot prevent the exists some problems, like some accurate policy did not get very good to carry out, in the course of soil changes emerged some drastic action, Department of regional middle peasants benefits do not get a good cover, the problem of extended the attack surface and so on. These achievements brought about by the experience is that can not be ignored, is worth us to reflect on the.

目录:

中文摘要4-5
Abstract5-6
引言9-13
    一、 选题目的及意义9
    二、 研究综述9-11
    三、 论文准备与基本思路11-13
第一章 临河县土地改革背景13-26
    一、 土改前临河县民众生活概况13-14
    二、 土改前土地及水渠占有情况14-19
        (一) 地权分配14-15
        (二) 水渠占有状况15-17
        (三) 土地使用及剥削关系17-19
    三、 土地改革的动员和准备19-26
        (一) 减租调地运动19
        (二) 临河县土改面临的困难19-21
        (三) 土改前各阶层心理状况及其抉择21-22
        (四) 土改基本条件及典型试验22-24
        (五) 准备土改典型村调查运动24-26
第二章 土地改革的全面展开26-37
    一、 颁布土改基本政策和具体工作制度26-29
        (一) 土改方针的颁布执行26-27
        (二) 土改工作报告制度27
        (三) 土改工作步骤27-28
        (四) 土改留地28-29
    二、 组织人员学习,宣传发动群众29-31
        (一) 集中学习文件,提高理论能力29
        (二) 全面宣传党的土改政策29-30
        (三) 清理和整顿基层组织30-31
    三、 划定阶级31-33
        (一) 公布划分阶级标准和方法31
        (二) 发动群众向地主当面诉苦31
        (三) 划定阶级,先划地主富农再划定中农贫雇农31-32
        (四) 表决确定,公审地主32-33
    四、 没收分配33-37
        (一) 土地分配基本方案33
        (二) 具体政策规定33-35
        (三) 开展分配35-37
第三章 临河县土地改革的评价37-56
    一、 土改后的新变化37-44
        (一) 政治方面的新变化37-40
        (二) 经济方面的新变化40-42
        (三) 社会方面的新变化42-44
    二、 土改中的偏差和问题44-48
        (一) 工作策略方法问题44
        (二) 划阶级问题44-45
        (三) 干部问题45
        (四) 利己主义问题45
        (五) 没收征收中的问题45-47
        (六) 土改后遗留之问题47-48
    三、 不同视角下的临河县土地改革48-53
        (一) 从临河县土改看内蒙古其他地区土改48-50
        (二) 从临河县土改看其他少数民族地区土改50-53
    四、 临河县土地改革的特点53-56
        (一) 建立针对土改工作进行评价的三类村标准化体系53-54
        (二) 农民积极分子负责具体工作,土改干部负责监督和指导工作54
        (三) 重视发挥人民法庭的作用54-56
结语56-57
参考文献57-58