论撒切尔政府的国有企业改革及启示

On the reform of state owned enterprises in the Thatcher administration and Its Enlightenment

摘要:(摘要内容经过系统自动伪原创处理以避免复制,下载原文正常,内容请直接查看目录。)

公有化是现今世界的一个主要实际话题和经济实事。公有化活动起源于英国,并敏捷涉及到其它蓬勃本钱主义国度、成长中国度和前社会主义国度。它对停止公有化的国度的经济和政治发生了深远的影响,在没有实施公有化的国度,公有化也对人们的不雅念发生了冲击。在我国,公有化已成为人们存眷的一个成绩。但是人们对公有化并没有一个完全而又清楚的熟悉,学术上也没有获得深刻地研讨。本文以公有化停止最完全和最有影响的英国为研讨对象,对该国国有企业的汗青成长头绪、公有化的根本内在、公有化的配景、进程、目的、手腕和效果停止比拟体系的剖析,同时联合我国的现实,商量英国国有企业公有化对我国国有企业改造的自创意义。全文除绪论和结论外共分四章,绪论部门扼要引见公有化活着界各地的成长情形,并商量了公有化一词的根本寄义,廓清了有关公有化的不周全的熟悉,对公有化的详细内容作了详细的界定,为上面的阐述确立了一个基点,第一章国有化的汗青成长头绪和公有化的缘起,剖析了汗青国有企业的汗青成长进程,在英国汗青上的位置和感化,和外部显现的弊病,在此基本上剖析了英国国有企业改造的配景和缘由,公有化的配景及前提及成长过程。第二章总结剖析了国有企业公有化进程的重要目的和实行的进程,第三章重要引见和剖析了英国国有企业改造的重要办法:1、出让国有企业的股权;2、引进私家本钱和私家承包部门营业;3、履行国民股分一切权和雇员股分一切权;4、对仍然在公营部分内的国有企业改良治理;第四章在前三章的基本上,关于国有企业的成长过程停止论述,同时关于国有企业涌现的成绩停止了剖析,对撒切尔在朝时代的公有化改造的影响从政治、经济、社会生涯等多方面停止了论述,另外还联合英国国有企业公有化进程、办法、后果。商量了我国国有企业改造的一些详细成绩,若何弄好国有企业股分制改造、将竞争机制引进垄断行业、当局对企业的无限度的停止治理。

Abstract:

The public is now one of the world's main topic and actual economic facts. Public activities originated in Britain, and agile involves other flourishing capitalist countries, growth China degree and former socialist countries. It is to stop public country economy and politics has far-reaching influence, in the absence of public land, public ownership of people's concept of the impact. In China, the public has become a concern of the results. But the people of the public does not have a complete and clear understanding, no profound academic research. In this paper, by socialization to stop the most complete and the most influential British as the research object, history of the country's state-owned enterprise development clue, public fundamental internal and public ownership of the means of production, the background, process, purpose, means and effect stop comparative system analysis, combined with China's reality, discuss British owned enterprise socialization of the reform of state - owned enterprises own significance. Revelation of British history in the history of the origin of the text, in addition to the introduction and conclusion, is divided into four chapters. The introduction part briefly introduced the public living circles around the growth situation, and discuss the public ownership of the means of word meaning, to clarify the Guan Gong is the incompleteness of the familiar, the public details for the detailed definition for the above described establishes a basis points, the first chapter nationalization of historical development clue and the public ownership of the means of production, analyzes the history of state-owned enterprise growth process on the position and role, and external defects, on the basis of the analysis of the British state owned enterprise reform background and reason, the public and the background and premise and growth process. The second chapter summarizes and analyzes the important purpose of socialization process of state-owned enterprises and the implementation process, the third chapter introduces and analyzes the important important way British state-owned enterprise reform: 1, the transfer of equity in state-owned enterprises; 2, the introduction of private capital and private sector contracting business; 3, to perform the national stock ownership and stock of all employees right; 4, to improve the governance of state-owned enterprises is still in the public part; the fourth chapter in the first three chapters basically, the growth process of state-owned enterprises of the state-owned enterprises, at the same time on the emergence of results of the analysis, influence on the transformation of Thatcher's public age elaborated from the political, economic, social life and other aspects, also combined the public process, the British way, the consequences of state-owned enterprises. To discuss the reform of the state-owned enterprises of our country some detailed results, how to make state-owned enterprises joint-stock reform, introducing competition mechanism introduction of monopoly industry, authorities of enterprises unlimited stop management.

目录:

摘要5-6
ABSTRACT6-7
1 绪论10-14
    1.1 研究的缘起10
    1.2 国内外研究的现状10-14
2 英国国有企业的历史发展脉络及私有化的缘起14-27
    2.1 英国国有企业的发展脉络及出现的问题14-24
        2.1.1 英国国有企业的经营模式及如何建立16-18
        2.1.2 英国国有企业的发展特点18
        2.1.3 英国国有企业的地位及作用18-19
        2.1.4 英国国有企业的实绩19-21
        2.1.5 英国国有化政策的实质问题21-23
        2.1.6 英国国有企业的主要问题23-24
    2.2 英国私有化的背景及条件24-27
3 英国国有企业改革的主要目标及过程27-31
    3.1 英国国有企业改革的主要目标27-29
    3.2 英国国有企业改革的过程29-31
        3.2.1 第一阶段(1979-1980)29
        3.2.2 第二阶段(1981-1983)29
        3.2.3 第三阶段(1984-1989)29-31
4 英国国有企业改革的主要措施31-36
    4.1 出让国有企业的股权31-32
    4.2 引进私人资本和由私人承包部分业务32-33
    4.3 推行公民股份所有权和雇员股份所有权33-34
    4.4 对依然在国营部门内的国有企业改进管理34-36
5 英国国有企业改革的影响和对中国国有企业改革的启示36-43
    5.1 英国国有企业改革的社会经济影响36-39
    5.2 对英国国有企业私有化的思考及对中国国有企业改革的启示39-43
        5.2.1 对英国国有企业改革的思考39-41
        5.2.2 英国国有企业改革对我国国有企业改革的启示41-43
6 结论43-44
参考文献44-47
附录47-48
致谢48