试析19世纪80年代中朝间商务往来的管理方式 - 以天津海关为中心

An analysis of the management mode of business dealings between China and Korea in 1880s -- Taking Tianjin customs as the center

摘要:(摘要内容经过系统自动伪原创处理以避免复制,下载原文正常,内容请直接查看目录。)

天津海关是1861年3月23日设立于清代在第二次雅片战斗后开放的天津港,是处置清代和朝鲜之间的近代互市、交涉事务的机构。19世纪80年月以来,天津海关与朝鲜之间的关系变得加倍亲密,由于这一时代清当局将本来由礼部治理的与朝鲜关系中的互市和交际事务交给了李鸿章,再由李鸿章的部属们经由过程天津海关现实担任交涉成绩。是以,在天津海关道任职的周馥介入到1882年9月两国之间的商业章程草案的制订。章程签订后,跟着朝鲜吩咐消磨的“天津驻劄督理互市事务”即驻津年夜员与天津海关道之间经由过程近代公函对各类交涉成绩停止交换,清代和朝鲜逐步树立了近代互市关系。本文试图经由过程天津海关的汗青沿革,互市章程的签署,常驻使节的吩咐消磨,护照的发给、聘请本国人和乞贷成绩等这些内容研讨清代与朝鲜之间的商务来往情形和两国的两重关系,提醒两截体系体例的时期意义。全文由绪论、本论和结论三个部门构成。第一章,绪论。重要论述了选题的目标和意义、相干的研讨近况和研讨思绪与办法。本论由第二章、第三章、第四章组成。第二章,天津海关与朝鲜驻津年夜员。经由过程阐述清代与朝鲜之间互市章程的签署和近代常驻使控制度切实其实立不雅察清代与朝鲜接收新交际关系的进程。清代和朝鲜之间树立了分歧以往的公函转达系统。同时天津海关道官员与朝鲜驻津年夜员之间就交际方面相干案件收发照会和信函等近代公函,并保持着慎密的接洽。第三章,中朝间商务来往的治理方法。这个部门是全文的重点,从以下几方面停止具体论述,即:路引的发给,凭票和执照的发给,护照的发给。详细如朝鲜派往天津的赍奏官或赍咨官一行和清代发给其路引凭票,两国间商平易近来往的执照发给等,和两国官员来往,两国商平易近入边疆游历,由陆路来华朝鲜人和其他国度人员来华的护照发给情形,剖析其时中朝间商务的来往。第四章,聘请本国人和乞贷成绩。清当局就向朝鲜建议聘任东方人协助处置朝鲜海关的相干事宜停止交涉。因为朝鲜扶植天津第宅,清代执政鲜没有典质品或利钱的情形下,自觉地向朝鲜供给乞贷,这类近代国度之间的金融生意业务被应用于清代与朝鲜之间传统的朝贡体系体例关系当中。同时,说明天津海关在近代中朝关系中所起的感化。第五章,结论。重要是对前几章内容作归纳综合性的总结。

Abstract:

Tianjin Customs is 1861 March 23, set up in the Qing Dynasty after the second Opium War open Tianjin port and disposal between Qing Dynasty and Korea modern barter and negotiation affairs agency. Since the 1980s, the relationship between the Tianjin Customs and North Korea becomes double close, because this time the authorities will have by rites governance relationship with North Korea in the frontier and social affairs over to Li Hongzhang, by Li Hongzhang's minions by Tianjin Customs reality as representations of the results. Is, served in the Tianjin customs Zhou Fu involved in the formulation of commercial draft articles of association between the two countries in September 1882. After the signing of the articles of association, follow the Korean commanded kill hand "Tianjin in Zagreb Zadok and frontier affairs" that in Tianjin University and Tianjin Customs Road between by process of modern letters of negotiation results in exchange for the cessation of, in the Qing Dynasty and Korea gradually establish modern frontier trade relations. This article attempts through the historical evolution process of Tianjin Customs, the signing of the articles of association of the frontier, permanent envoy commanded hand pass, passport issue, hire between nationals and loan performance these research in the Qing Dynasty and Korea business travel case and two double relations remind two section system style of the significance of the era. This paper is composed of three departments, the introduction and conclusion form. The first chapter is the introduction. Discusses the goal and significance of the topic, the relevant research situation and research thoughts and methods. This theory is composed of second chapters and third chapters, fourth chapters. The second chapter, the customs of Tianjin and North Korea in Tianjin University. Through the process of elaboration between Qing Dynasty and Korea sign of the articles of association of the frontier and modern permanent control degree and in fact made not observations of the Qing Dynasty and North Korea received new communicative process. The differences between previous letters convey system set up in the Qing Dynasty and korea. At the same time between Tianjin Customs officials and members of the North Korean ambassador to Jin Nianye on communication coherent modern cases receiving note and correspondence, such as letters, and maintained close contact. The third chapter, management method of business dealings between China and the dprk. The Department is the focus of the full text, from the following several aspects to stop discussing, namely: send leads, tickets and licenses issued, passport issued. With as North Korea sent to Tianjin Ji played officer Huoji consulting, a line and Qing Dynasty issued to all the tickets, between the two countries business folk contacts licensure and, exchange and officials of the two countries, bilateral business folk in frontier traveled, the road to China to Korea, and other countries of foreign nationals in China passport issued to the situation, analysis of the relations between China and the DPRK business at the time. The fourth chapter, hire domestic and loan performance. The Qing authorities to North Korea proposed appointment of Oriental people to assist in the disposal of the relevant matters concerned North Korea customs stop negotiations. Because North Korea Tianjin first curtilage construction, under the Qing Dynasty ruling fresh without collateral or Liqian, consciously to borrow money from a North Korean supply, between the modern country of financial transactions is applied in between Qing Dynasty and Korea traditional tributary system style relationship. At the same time, Tianjin customs in modern Sino Korean relations in the role. The fifth chapter is conclusion. It is important for the comprehensive summary of the former chapters.

目录:

摘要6-8
Abstract8-9
第一章 绪论11-16
    1.1 、选题目的及意义11
    1.2 、相关的研究现状11-14
        1.2.1 、资料性的书籍11-12
        1.2.2 、国内学界相关研究成果12-13
        1.2.3 、国外学界相关研究成果13-14
    1.3 、研究思路与方法14-16
第二章 天津海关与朝鲜驻津大员16-28
    2.1 、天津海关与通商章程的签订16-22
    2.2 、中朝间常驻使节的派遣22-23
    2.3 、中朝间公文的传递体系23-28
第三章 中朝间商务往来的管理方式28-39
    3.1 、路引的发给28-29
    3.2 、凭票和执照的发给29-33
        3.2.1 、凭票的发给29-31
        3.2.2 、执照的发给31-33
    3.3 、护照的发给33-39
        3.3.1 、官员护照的发给33-35
        3.3.2 、商人护照的发给35-36
        3.3.3 、陆路护照的发给36-39
第四章 聘用外国人和借款问题39-47
    4.1 、聘用外国人的交涉39-43
    4.2 、天津朝鲜公馆建设借款43-47
第五章 结论47-49
参考文献49-53
致谢53-54
附录 (攻读硕士期间发表论文)54