用人单位侵权导致工伤的法律责任分析

Analysis of the legal liability of the injury caused by the tort of the person

摘要:(摘要内容经过系统自动伪原创处理以避免复制,下载原文正常,内容请直接查看目录。)

用人单元侵权招致工伤有其本身的特别性。当用人单元侵权招致工伤时,用人单元一方面与工伤保险行政机构配合组成工伤义务的主体,另外一方面因为侵权行动的产生,用人单元也应当承当响应的侵权义务。工伤义务和侵权义务同时由用人单元承当,是用人单元侵权招致工伤成绩中最为特别的一点。关于用人单元侵权招致工伤的案件,司法实务范畴的处置办法常常不尽雷同。用人单元侵权招致工伤时,若用人单元与工伤休息者并未签署休息合同,实务上更多的处置是由用人单元付出给工伤休息者具有平易近事补偿性质的一次性赔偿。而在用人单元与工伤休息者休息关系明白的时,工伤义务则替换、排挤侵权义务。我国粹者关于工伤变乱中工伤义务和侵权义务的竞合成绩有各自分歧的主意,年夜体上构成了三种不雅点:第一种强调工伤义务的主要性,依据工伤保险的成长汗青及其创设目标主意工伤义务替换侵权义务;第二种不雅点主意工伤义务和侵权义务二者应当同时实用;最初一种不雅点以为应该优先实用工伤义务,然后依据工伤休息者的伤害情形,用侵权义务予以弥补。在产生用人单元侵权招致工伤时工伤义务与侵权义务其实不发生“义务竞合”,具有社会法属性的工伤义务和具有私法属性的侵权义务在权力救援进程中各具优势,应该双管齐下。用人单元侵权招致工伤时,工伤义务是弗成替换的,而侵权义务则由工伤休息者自行主意。司法义务的认定与归结是为了赐与受益主体更好的救援。用人单元侵权招致工伤时应肯定周全救援、实时救援、工伤义务无前提实用、休息者自立选择侵权义务四项准绳。

Abstract:

The use of human element tort to cause injury has its own particularity. When the employing unit of encroaching right and causing injury, the unit on the one hand and work-related injury insurance administrative agencies with the subject of obligation of inductrial injury, on the other hand because the tort action, unit of choose and employ persons should also bear the corresponding tort liability. Injury responsibility and the right infringement responsibility at the same time by unit of choose and employ persons bear is with unit infringement incurred injury results in the particular point. On the case of the use of units of the tort of the unit, the disposal of the judicial practice is often not the same. When the use of the unit of tort caused by the injury, if the use of the unit and the rest did not sign a break contract, the practice is more of the disposal of the use of units to pay to the rest of the work of the people with a one-time compensation for nature. While in the use of the rest of the person with the rest of the injured person to understand the relationship between the injury, the obligation is to replace, out of tort obligations. I the quintessence of Chinese culture of inductrial injury accident injury obligation and tort liability concurrence achievements have a different idea, on the eve of the body constitute the three indecent point: the first emphasized work-related duties, the basis to the development history of industrial injury insurance and the creation idea compulsory insurance to replace tort liability; the second not elegant idea injury obligation and tort liability two should also practical; first a point that priority should be given to practical industrial obligations and according to inductrial injury to rest the injury, tort liability remedy. When generating unit infringement incurred injury injury obligation and tort liability actually does not occur obligation concurrence, have social attributes of inductrial injury obligations and has the attribute of private law of tort liability in the rescue process of power have their own advantages, should be a two pronged approach. When the use of human element tort caused by the injury, the injury is not replaced by the obligation, and the tort liability by the rest of the injured person's idea. Determination and resolution of judicial obligation is to give the main body of the benefit of better relief. The use of human element tort should be affirmed in the comprehensive rescue, real-time rescue, industrial injury obligations without preconditions, the rest of the four principles.

目录:

摘要3-4
Abstract4
引言7-9
一、用人单位侵权导致工伤的特殊性分析9-13
    (一) 责任主体的竞合9-10
        1. 作为工伤责任主体的用人单位9-10
        2. 作为侵权责任主体的用人单位10
    (二) 用人单位侵权导致工伤的特点10-13
        1. 与一般工伤的区别10-11
        2. 与第三人侵权导致工伤的区别11-13
二、用人单位侵权导致工伤的责任制度与适用分歧13-18
    (一) 用人单位侵权导致工伤的现有法律规定13-15
        1. 劳动及工伤保险法律法规的相关规定13-14
        2. 侵权责任法与其他民事法律的相关规定14-15
    (二) 用人单位侵权导致工伤的适用分歧15-18
        1. 法律实务领域的处理方法15-16
        2. 责任承担方式的不同主张16-18
三、工伤责任与侵权责任“竞合”的否定18-26
    (一) 用人单位侵权导致工伤的法律责任性质分析18-20
        1. 工伤责任的社会法属性18-19
        2. 侵权责任的私法属性19-20
    (二) 工伤责任与侵权责任的关系20-22
        1. 两者在不同部门法支配下并行不悖20
        2. 工伤补偿责任不可替代20-21
        3. 侵权赔偿责任自行主张21-22
    (三) 用人单位侵权导致工伤的救济原则22-26
        1. 全面救济原则22-23
        2. 及时救济原则23
        3. 工伤责任无条件适用原则23-24
        4. 劳动者自主选择侵权责任原则24-26
余论26-28
参考文献28-31
致谢31